Sangeet Natak Akademi
MINISTRY OF CULTURE, GOVT. OF INDIA
In fulfilment of its obligations under the UNESCO convention on ICH, a statute to which India is a signatory, the Ministry of Culture, Govt. Of India, has declared the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India’s apex body on culture, as the Nodal centre for coordinating India’s nominations for various lists and other actions such as developing and maintaining the National Inventory of ICH through the Ministry of Culture's letter no.2-21/2011-UNESCO cell dated 21 February, 2011.
The Sangeet Natak Akademi’s nomination as the ICH Nodal agency has been endorsed, as required by the Akademi’s constitution, by its duly constituted Executive Board and General Council. The Akademi is an autonomous body engaged in the work of preserving and promoting the traditional cultural heritage of India’s rich performing arts of classical dance, music, theatre, puppetry, crafts and folk arts and is represented on its General Council by India’s top cultural and artistic personalities.
As the first step in the making of a National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), this website offers collective ICH database of a variety of well-known institutions and organisations engaged in culture. The National database of Intangible Cultural Heritage also has a link to the current and ongoing nomination, documentation, attachments and audio-visual materials of each of the chosen elements in its entirety. Each element is supported by the requisite documents by the community engaged in the work of preservation and promotion of each. It is indeed the result of the participating bodies’ demand to be placed on the UNESCO Representative List. The respective ICH elements are also part of a larger database culled from regional institutions located all over India and are a product of the community's knowledge of their micro and macro profiles garnered over their intimate association with this knowledge gained over hundreds and even thousands of of years.
Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
“Sowa-Rigpa” commonly known as Tibetan system of medicine is one of the oldest, Living and well documented medical tradition of the world. It has been originated from Tibet and popularly practice in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia and Russia. The majority of theory and practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda”.
Sowa-Rigpa, knowledge of healing or science of healing, is the traditional medical system of communities that inhabit the Himalayan region. Since its introduction, the practice has been transmitted through teacher-student and family lineages. The term Sowa-Rigpa derives from the Bhoti language, meaning ‘knowledge of healing’. Sowa-Rigpa is a complete guide to leading a healthy life based on a harmony of body, mind, spirituality and cosmos. Sowa-Rigpa is formally recognized as a traditional medical system by the Government of India. The fundamental principles of Sowa-Rigpa are based on dietary guidelines, pulse examinations and do’s and don’ts. The practice is firmly integrated into the sociocultural system of the Himalayan region as every village has an ‘Amchi’ (a Sowa-Rigpa practitioner) family to look after public health, practising medicine as a social service or religious practice for the well-being of the community. At present, traditional Amchi families, trained Sowa-Rigpa doctors, monasteries, educational centres and research institutions all uphold the element.
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